1. The republic of Mauritius is made up of several islands including the main island of Mauritius, the island of Rodrigues, the Agalega islands and the Cargados Carajos Shoals. Mauritius also lays claim to the Tromelin Island (in French possession) and the Chagos Archipelago (in British possession).
2. The famous Dodo, as in "as dead as a dodo" was a flightless bird that was only ever found on the islands of Mauritius. The birds, entirely fearless of people, were believed to have been hunted to extinction by European settlers.
3. Mauritius and Cameroon are the only two countries in Africa where both English and French are official languages. In the case of Mauritius this came about because France had initially colonized the Islands but 'lost' then to the United Kingdom in 1810.
4. Mauritius is the most densely populated country in Africa and 17th in the world with a population of just over 1.2 million and a land area of 2,040 square km it has a population density of 610 persons per square km
5. Mauritius is one of the richest countries in Africa, one a pure statistical basis it ranks behind only Equatorial Guinea in GDP per capita, however the social and quality of life indicators for Mauritius qualify it as one of the most developed countries in Africa.
6. Mauritius is one of the leading tourist destinations in Africa, receiving about 7000,000 visitors in 2005. With some of the finest beach in the Indian ocean such as Grand Bay, Pereybere, Belle Mare, Blue Bay, La Morne and Tamarin and Flic en Flac, Mauritius makes for an idyllic tropical holiday.
7. The national flower of Mauritius is the Trochetia Boutoniana (Boucle d'Oreille). The flower is endemic to Mauritius, and grows in a shrub of about 2-3 metres. It commonly flowers from June to October.
8. The national anthem of Mauritius is "The Motherland". It was written by a famous Mauritian poet, Jean Georges Prosper and adjudged winner of a contest in 1968 to find an anthem for the then newly independent Mauritius. The lyrics were set to music by Philippe Gentil of the Mauritius Police Band.
9. Mauritius is a melting pot of many cultures. People of European, African, Indian and Chinese origins have created a relatively peaceful multiracial society and Creole a language formed from all this influences is the most widely spoken on the Islands,
10. The most common folklore dance in Mauritius is the "Sega" of African origin. More recently, a new sound, a mixture of the Sega and Reggae music, has found its way into Mauritian musical culture. This fusion music called the Seggae